Asia between Multipolarism and Multipolarity

Sujan R. Chinoy • Jagannath P. Panda

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This book aims to map the Asian power trajectory and the continent’s contemporary journey towards greater multipolarity. This volume examines the impact of plurilateral and multilateral dialogues and cooperative mechanisms on Asia’s security and economic architecture. It is based on the proceedings of the thought-provoking 20th edition of the Asian Security Conference which was held from March 26-28, 2019 at the Manohar Parrikar Institute for Defence Studies and Analyses, New Delhi.

Sujan R. Chinoy • Jagannath P. Panda Amb. Sujan R. Chinoy is the Director General of the Manohar Parrikar Institute for Defence Studies and Analyses, New Delhi. A career diplomat of the Indian Foreign Service from 1981-2018, he was India’s Ambassador to Japan and Mexico. He is an expert on China, Japan, the Indo-Pacific and politico-security aspects of India’s foreign policy.

Dr. Jagannath P. Panda is a Research Fellow and Centre Coordinator for East Asia at the Manohar Parrikar Institute for Defence Studies and Analyses, New Delhi. He is the Series Editor for “Routledge Studies on Think Asia”.


List of Tables, Figures and Maps



Notes on Contributors

List of Abbreviations


Sujan R. Chinoy

PART I - Debating a Multipolar Asia

1. The Geo-economics of Multipolarity
Sanjaya Baru
2. India and the Multipolar World: Need for a New Narrative
Arvind Gupta
3. Beijing’s Vision of the Asian Order: Promoting a Community of Shared Future
Jingdong Yuan
4. The United States’ Indo-Pacific Policies Debate
Satu Limaye
5. The Eurasian Economic Union (EEU): Eurasian Order and Russia-China Relations
Sergey Lukonin
6. Australia, the Indo-Pacific Idea and a Multipolar Order
Peter Drysdale

PART II - Reframing the Regional Architecture

7. Free-Trade Area of the Asia-Pacific (FTAAP) and China’s Approach to Regionalism
Zhang Zhenjiang
8. Why AIIB, Not BRI? India’s Fine Balance on China
Jagannath P. Panda
9. Shanghai Cooperation Organisation (SCO) and the Future of Regional Integration in Central Asia
Mirzokhid Rakhimov
10. RCEP and Indo-Pacific Economic Integration
Tomoo Kikuchi and Kensuke Yanagida
11. Indonesia’s Rise: With or Without BRICS
Endy Bayuni
12. China’s BRICS Vision and the Asian Order
Hu Xiaowen
13. The Russian Vision of BRICS in the Context of a Multipolar Order in Asia
Elena Boykova

PART III - The Evolving Indo-Pacific Order

14. Maritime Security in Indo-Pacific: An American Perception
J. Mohan Malik
15. United Kingdom’s Foreign Policy and Indo-Pacific Security
John Hemmings
16. Achieving a Free and Open Indo-Pacific through the Quad Framework: A Japanese Perspective
Hideshi Tokuchi
17. India and the Idea of Indo-Pacific: A Hesitant Embrace?
Abhay Kumar Singh
18. The Indo-Pacific: China’s Perception
Zeng Xiangyu
19. Russia’s Vision of an Asian Security Order
Georgy Toloraya and Valeriia Gorbacheva
20. Sri Lanka and the Maritime Security Order in the Indian Ocean
Jayanath Colombage

PART IV - Managing Contests and Security Concerns in Asia

21. Philippines and Maritime Security Order in Southeast Asia
Renato Cruz De Castro
22. The US, China and the Asian Security Order by 2025: A Taiwanese Perspective
Arthur Shuhfan Ding
23. Denuclearisation on Alert: Reshaping Security Order on the Korean Peninsula
Ji Yeon-jung
24. From Alliance to Networks: Managing India’s Security Challenges in the Indian Ocean Region
Swaran Singh
25. India and the Terrorism-Military Nexus in South Asia
Manoj Joshi

PART V - Differences and Disputes in Asia

26. The Future of India-Pakistan Ties
Ashok Behuria
27. India-China Border Question: The Way Ahead
Zhang Jiadong and Wei Han
28. India-China Boundary Question: An Indian Perspective
S L Narasimhan
29. Future of South China Sea Dispute: A Vietnamese Perspective
Ha Anh Tuan

PART VI - Energy, Geopolitics and Maritime Dimensions

30. Bangladesh and the Geo-Politics of Bay of Bengal
Shamsher M. Chowdhury
31. Energy Security and Development: India’s Balance between Priorities, Challenges and Opportunities
Shebonti Ray Dadwal
32. Oil, Ports and Hard Power: Shifting Balance of Power in the Gulf and Horn of Africa
Brendon J. Cannon
33. Global Commerce and the Sea Lines of Communication in the Indian Ocean: A Sri Lankan Perspective
Rohan Masakorala



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